Open Letter 2015

2498 academics from 75 countries signed this Open Letter calling for world leaders meeting in Paris to do what is necessary to prevent catastrophic climate change. Prominent signatories include Noam Chomsky, Naomi Oreskes, Kwame Anthony Appiah, Michael E. Mann, Ursula Oswald Spring, Bill McKibben, David Suzuki, and Peter Singer. The Open Letter was featured in an article in the Guardian among other media. For the full list of signatories please see below.

The Letter is also available in: Español, Français, Bahasa Indonesia, Simplified ChineseHindi

Open Letter from Academics to World Leaders ahead of the Paris Climate Conference 2015

Some issues are of such ethical magnitude that being on the correct side of history becomes a signifier of moral character for generations to come. Global warming is such an issue. Indigenous peoples and the developing world are least responsible for climate change, least able to adapt to it, and most vulnerable to its impacts. As the United Nations Climate Conference in Paris approaches, the leaders of the industrialized world shoulder a grave responsibility for the consequences of our current and past carbon emissions.

Yet it looks unlikely that the international community will mandate even the greenhouse gas reductions necessary to give us a two thirds chance of limiting global warming to 2 degrees Celsius above pre-industrial levels. At the moment, even if countries meet their current non-binding pledges to reduce carbon emissions, we will still be on course to reach 3 degrees Celsius by the end of this century. This is profoundly shocking, given that any sacrifice involved in making those reductions is far overshadowed by the catastrophes we are likely to face if we do not: more extinctions of species and loss of ecosystems; increasing vulnerability to storm surges; more heatwaves; more intense precipitation; more climate related deaths and disease; more climate refugees; slower poverty reduction; less food security; and more conflicts worsened by these factors. Given such high stakes, our leaders ought to be mustering planet-wide mobilization, at all societal levels, to limit global warming to no more than 1.5 degrees Celsius.

We undersigned concerned academics, researchers, and scientists from around the world recognize the seriousness of our environmental situation and the special responsibility we owe our communities, future generations, and our fellow species. We will strive to meet that responsibility in our educational and communicative endeavors. We call upon our leaders to do what is necessary to prevent catastrophic climate change. With just as much urgency, we call upon our fellow citizens to hold their leaders responsible for vigorously addressing global warming.


Many thanks to Lawrence Torcello for suggesting this Open Letter, and for co-writing it with the Global Climate Change Week team.

2498 signatories

Jorge Velez, Professor, Universidad Nacional de Colombia Sede Manizales, Colombia

Dr. Stanton Green, Professor, Monmouth University, United States

Ingrid Burke, Director, Haub School Environment. & Natural Resources, & Wyoming Excellence Chair, University of Wyoming, United States

Cengiz Ekiz, Social Scientist, Abant Izzet Baysal, Turkey

Aaron Wu, Sessional Academic and Phd Candidate in Law, The London School of Economics and Political Scien, United Kingdom

Catherine Wiechmann, Wetland ecologist, Colorado State University, United States

David Suzuki, Professor Emeritus, Genetics, UBC, Canada

Pep Español, Professor of Physics, Universidad Nacional de Educación a Distancia, Spain

Corina L Petrescu, Assoc. Professor of German, University of Mississippi, United States

Todd M. La Porte, Assoc. Professor of Public Policy, George Mason University, United States

Douglas Weirick, Chair, Dept of Environmental Health Science, East Central University, United States

Harry Begg, Michael von Clemm Fellow 2016-17, Harvard University, United States

Mahmut Öztürk, Peintür-Art &Art Education, Abant İzzet Baysal University, Turks and Caicos Islands

Rukiya Abdul Aziz, MA Public Policy, Central European University, Afghanistan

Tatjana Buklijas, Research fellow, History of science, Liggins Institute, University of Auckland, New Zealand

Javier García Sanz, Assistant Professor, Universidad Nacional de Educación a Distancia, Spain

Ana Duarte Melo, Communication Teacher/Researcher, Universidade do Minho, Portugal

Mira Alexander, Graduate Student, School of Public Policy, Central European University, Hungary

Elka Korutcheva, Assoc. Professor - Physics, Universidad Nacional de Educacion a Distancia, Spain

Prue Taylor, Senior Lecturer, University of Auckland, New Zealand

Diego Duque, PhD student, National University of Distance Education, Spain

Manuel Jiménez Martín, PhD student, UNED, Spain

Kristen Calille, Graduate Student, Central European University, Hungary

Daniel Rapp, Nationalism Studies coordinator, Central European University, Hungary

Bouchra Bouchkouj, Graduate student , Central European University , Hungary

Barbora Petrová, MA in Public Policy Candidate, Central European University, Czech Republic

Piritta Parkkari, PhD Candidate, Social Sciences, University of Lapland, Finland

Ery Hughes, PhD Candidate, Volcanology, University of Bristol, United Kingdom

Ignacio Zúñiga, Professor Physics, UNED, Spain

Victor Fairén, Professor of Physics, Universidad Nacional de Educación a Distancia, Spain

Holiday E Adair, Chair/Department of Psychology, California University of Pennsylvania, United States

Sarah Perry, PhD Candidate, Climate Change Research Centre, UNSW Australia, Australia

Graham Andrews, Assistant Professor of Geology, California State University Bakersfield, United States

Marianne Whelchel, Professor Emerita of Literature, Antioch College, United States

Maria Clara Betancur Castrillon, Environmental Engineering, National University of Colombia, Colombia

Anna Pigott, PhD Geography, Swansea University, United Kingdom

Susannah Clement, PhD Candidate , University of Wollongong, Australia

Stephanie Flude, Postdoctoral Researcher, Geoscience, The University of Edinburgh , United Kingdom

Ghisèle Maurice, Retraitée, Université d'Ottawa, Canada

Lynne Smith, Tutor Academic Researcg, University of Wollongong, Australia

Chris will ore, Reader in law, Bristol university , United Kingdom

Elka Vasileva, Prof., Department of natural resources, University of national and world economy - Sofia, Bulgaria

Marcela Brugnach, Assistant Professor, Water Management, University Twente, Netherlands

Jillian Terry, PhD Candidate, International Relations, London School of Economics and Political Science, United Kingdom

Melanie Vile, Assistant Professor, Ecosystem Ecology, Villanova University, United States

John Hummel, Professor of Psychology and Philosophy, University of Illinois, United States

Rita Ribeiro, Assistant Professor of Sociology, University of Minho, Portugal

Daniele Ferraretto, PhD student, School of GeoSciences, University of Edinburgh, United Kingdom

Benjamin Clarke, PhD Candidate, Volcanology, University of Edinburgh, United Kingdom

Halsey Roberts, Economics Faculty, Indiana University, United States

Breandán Anraoi MacGabhann, Lecturer in Geology, Edge Hill University, United Kingdom

Madison Myers, Graduate Student- Geology, University of Oregon, United States

Joel Press, Associate Professor of Philosophy, California University of Pennsylvania, United States

Scott Willenbrock, Professor of Physics, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, United States

Sara Balonas, Assistant Professor, University of Minho, Portugal

Michael Murphy, Professor of Astrophysics, Swinburne University of Technology, Australia

Bill Hare, Climate Scientist, Potsdam Institute for Climate Impact Research (PIK, Germany

Hugo Reinert, Senior Researcher, Anthropology, Tallinn University, Estonia

Meltem Denizel, Professor of Management Science, Ozyegin University, Turkey

Natalie Latter, PhD Candidate, Political Science, University of Western Australia, Australia

Michael Brown, Associate Professor in Astronomy, Monash University , Australia

Nikilaus Wycha, Ph.D. Student, Sociology, University of Central Florida, United States

Jay Rosen, Associate Professor of Journalism, New York University, United States

Madhu Khanna, Professor of Environmental Economics, University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign, United States

Evan DeLucia, Professor, Plant Biology, University of Illinois, United States

Suchita Srinivasan, PhD Candidate in International Economics, IHEID, Geneva, Switzerland

Karl Widerquist, Associate Professor at SFS-Q, Philosophy, Georgetown University, Qatar

Toby Miller, Profesor visitante, comunicación, Universidad del Norte, Colombia

Christopher Oscarson, Associate Prof Interdisciplinary Humanities, Brigham Young University, United States

Richard A. Gosser, Emeritus professor of mathematics, St. Vincent College, Latrobe, United States

Rich Pancost, Professor of Biogeochemistry and Director, University of Bristol Cabot Institute , United Kingdom

OZGE NILAY ERBALABAN GURBUZ, Research Assistant, Gaziantep University/Fine Arts Faculity, Turkey

Manuela Ivone Cunha, Professor, Universidade do Minho, Portugal

Dr. Caroline Foster, Faculty of Law, University of Auckland, New Zealand

Isabel dos Guimarães Sá, Associate Professor in History, Universidade do Minho / ICS, Portugal

Manuel Pinto, Professor, Communication Sciences, University of Minho, Portugal

Onder Cetin, Assist. Prof. Of English, Ege university, Departmment of English, Turkey

Gülden Hatipoğlu, Lecturer, English Language and Literature, Ege University, Turkey

Angus Rockett, Professor of Materials Science, University of Illinois, United States

Benjamin J. McCall, Professor, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, United States

Işık Gürleyen , Assistant Professor of International Relations , Izmir University of Economics , Turkey

Hasan Üstün Başaran, Research Assistant, Marine Engineering, Istanbul Technical University, Turkey

Sevil Deniz Yakan, Lecturer /Naval Architecture and Ocean Engineering, Istanbul Technical University, Turkey

Obert Hodzi, PhD Candidate, Political Science, IR, Lingnan University , Hong Kong

Alidost Numan, Doctoral Candidate, University of Chicago, Turkey

Ali Ilgim Demirel, MSc Student, Electronics, Sabanci University, Engineering, Turkey

Olga Selin Hunler, Assistant Professor, Psychology, Izmir University of Economics, Turkey

Melanie Bacou, Program Manager, International Food Policy Research Institute, United States

Neal A. Priest, MD, FACEP, Emergency Medicine, St. Mary's Hospital / Georgia Regents University, United States

Ali Kocabas, Professor in Respiratory Medicine, Cukurova University, School of Medicine, Turkey

Hervé Brunon, Senior Researcher, Environmental Humanities, CNRS / INSHS / UMR8150, France

Gunnar Kvåle, Professor emeritus, University of Bergen, Centre for international hea, Norway

Fuat INCE, Retired professor, computer science and engineering, (ex) Marmara University, Turkey

Kit Carruthers, PhD Student, Carbon Capture and Storage, University of Edinburgh, United Kingdom

Seyfeddin Erturan, Professor of Chemical Engineering, Yildiz Technical University, Turkey

Arzu Erturan , PhD Candidate, Urban Planning, Mimar Sinan Fine Arts University , Turkey

Jesper Brandt, Professor, Landscape Ecology, ENSPAC, RUC, Denmark

Aslıhan Demirtaş, Architecture, Kadir Has University, ıstanbul, Turkey

Seyfettin Grüsel, Professor of economics, Bahçeşehir, Turkey

Zerrin Iren, Part time lecturer /Art History, Istanbul technical University, Turkey

Emine Önel Kurt, Asst. Prof. / History of Art, YTU/Art and Design Faculty, Turkey

Faize Saris, PhD, Lecturer, Physical Geography, Çanakkale University, Turkey

Anna Maria Beylunioglu, PhD Candidate, European University Institute, Italy

Cengiz Aktar, Professor Political Science, Suleyman Sah University, Turkey

Olcay Kunal, French language teacher, University of Galatasaray, Turkey

Levent Kurnaz, Professor, Center for Climate Change and Policy Studies, Bogazici University, Turkey

Birce Altiok-Karsiyaka, PhD Candidate, Koc University, Turkey

Diana Jeske, PhD and Teaching Asssociate, Monash University, Australia

Felipe Montoya, Professor, Environmental Studies, York University, Canada

Peter le Breton, Associate Lecturer, Teaching & Learning, Murdoch University, Australia

Dr. Sara Via, Professor of Biology, University of Maryland, United States

Emily Ansari, Assistant Professor, Music History, University of Western Ontario, Canada

Elizabeth Boase, PhD, Head of Department: Theology, Flinders University, Australia

Katharine Massam, Co-ordinator of Studies in History, University of Divinity, Australia

Sinem Ozturk, PhD student, Dokuz Eylül University, Turkey

Katherine Sever, Graduate Research Assistant, Colorado State University, United States

Margot Ford, Senior Lecturer, University of Newcastle, Australia

Gina Himes Boor, Research Professor in Ecology, Montana State University, United States

Güven Güzeldere, Faculty, Philosophy & Psychology, Harvard University, United States

Paul N. Edwards, Professor of Information and History, university of Michigan, United States

Dena Farsad, Doctoral Student, York University, Canada

Héctor Cabello , Psiquiatra, Profesor Psiquiatria Legal/Univesidad de México, Mexico

Mary Deminion, PhD Candidate, University of Western Ontario, Canada

Jordi Salat , Oceanographer, Institute of Marine Research, Spain

Thomas Beery, Lecturer, Environmental Education, Kristianstad University, Sweden

Ozlem Altinkaya Genel, Doctoral Student, Urban Planning and Design, Harvard University GSD, United States

Nora Mzavanadze, Research Associate, University of Manchester, Department of Geography, United Kingdom

Omer Madra, Former lecturer of Int'l Law, Ankara Uni., Istanbul Uni., Turkey

Ole Hjorth Caspersen, Senior researcher, University of Copenhagen / Geoscience and NRM, Denmark

Jacques Lamarche, Associate Professor, The University of Western Ontario, Canada

Sarah Maisonneuve, PhD Candidate, Ecology, Colorado State University, United States

Deirdre Crowe, Part-time, NIDL - Business & Sustainability, Dublin City University, Ireland

Teresa Flynn, PhD, Sociology, Murdoch University, Perth, Australia

Daniel Perell, PhD Candidate, Social Sciences & Psychology, Western Sydney University, Australia

Carlos Vale, Eng. Electrotécnico, ULHT de Humanidades e Tecnologias, Portugal

Michael Barrie, Associate Professor, Linguistics, Sogang University, Korea, Republic of

Elizabeth Akister, Project manager, National Centre for Sustainability, Swinburne University of Technology , Australia

Carol Lindell, PhD Candidate, Education, University of Newcastle, Australia

Nicole Mockler, Lecturer, Faculty of Education and Social Work, University of Sydney, Australia

Daniella J. Forster (PhD), Lecturer, Educational philosophy and ethics , University of Newcastle, Australia

Dr Laura D'Olimpio, Senior Lecturer in Philosophy, The University of Notre Dame Australia, Australia

Stephen Joyce, PhD Candidate, Religious Studies, Monash University, Australia

Maja Steen Møller, PhD student. Landscape Architecture, IGN, Copenhagen University, Denmark

Natasha Amendola, Learning skills adviser, Monash University, Australia

Michael Prince, Lecturer, Murdoch University, Australia

Lubica Ucnik, Lecturer, Philosophy, Murdoch University, Australia

Alaric Hall, Lecturer in Medieval Englush Literature, University of Leeds, United Kingdom

Helena Kadmos, Tutor, Murdoch University, Australia

Ove Hoegh-Guldberg, Professor and Director, Global Change Institute, Australia

James Warren, Professor Southeast Asian Modern HIstory, Asia Research Center,Murdoch University, Australia

Johan Rooryck, Professor of French linguistics, Leiden University , Netherlands

Marta Martinez-Camara, PhD student, Computer Science , EPFL , Switzerland

Ileana Paul, Associate Professor, Linguistics, University of Western Ontario, Canada

Rory Sellgren, PhD, Medieval Studies, University of Leeds, United Kingdom

Anders Busse Nielsen, Professor in landscape architecture, University of Copenhagen, Denmark

Dr Elisa Galgut, Senior Lecturer, Philosophy , University of Cape Town, South Africa

Patrik Karlsson Nyed, GIS analyst, IGN, Univ. of Copenhagen, Sweden

Paul Kelleher, Associate Professor of Bioethics and Philosophy, University of Wisconsin-Madison, United States

Tapas Bhattacharyya, Vice-chancellor, Balasaheb Konkan Krishi Vidyapeeth, India

Sajjad Jafari, Researcher, Monash University, Australia

Vlado Vivoda, Research Fellow, Political Science, University of Queensland, Australia

Jose Camacho, Professor, Linguistics, Rutgers University, United States

Andrew Chignell, Associate Professor, Philosophy, Cornell University, United States

Jennifer Mills, PhD student, York University, Canada

Stephanie Jury, PhD Candidate, History, Monash University, Australia

Raul Lopez, Teacher Assistant Hispanic Studies, Western University of Ontario Canada, Canada

Thomas Foster, Professor, Imaging Sciences, University of Rochester, United States

Dr Richard Goddard, Graduate Student, Psychology, University of Southern Queensland, Australia

Ann-Marie Hansen, Ph.D. , Graduate student, Information Studies, McGill University, Canada

Annick MacAskill, PhD Candidate, University of Western Ontario, Canada

Jaime R. Brenes Reyes, PhD Candidate, Comparative Literature, University of Western Ontario, Canada

Josh Gellers, Assistant Professor, Political Science, University of North Florida, United States

Carrie Gillon , Assistant Professor, Linguistics, Arizona State University , United States

Susan Laurance, Associate Professor of Environmental Science, James Cook University, Cairns, Australia

Karen Saunders, Faculty, Spark Teacher Education Institute, United States

William F. Laurance, Distinguished Research Professor, James Cook University, Australia

William S. Lynn, Research Scientist for Ethics and Public Policy, Marsh Institute, Clark University, United States

Teresa G. de la Fe, Catedratica Sociologia, La Laguna, Spain

Umit Sahin, MD, PhD, Public Health, Climate Policy, Sabanci University, Istanbul Policy Center, Turkey

Dr. A. Lanny Kraus, Professor (Retired), University of Rochester School of Medicine, United States

Eve Croeser, PhD Candidate, Poĺitical Science, University of Taasmania, Australia

Dr Hugh Spencer, Senior researcher/CEO, Cape Tribulation Tropical Research Station, Australia

Marco Casari, Professor of Political Economy, University of Bologna, Italy

Joseph Lacey, Postdoctoral Fellow, University of Oxford, United Kingdom

Nicholas Cohen, Professor Emeritus of Microbiology & Immunology, University of Rochester Medical Center, United States

Kelly Jones, Assistant Professor, Ecological Economics , Colorado State University, United States

Dr. Anton Stahl Olafsson, Assistant Professor, University of Copenhagen, Geosciences and NRM, Denmark

gus speth, fellow, vermont law school, United States

Diva Amon, Postdoctoral Researcher, University of Hawaii at Manoa, United States

Dr. Carolyn Faithfull, Postdoctoral Researcher, University of Hawai'i, United States

Rene Ferrell, PhD, Associate Professor, Department of Music, California State University, Bakersfield , United States

David Jacobson, Emeritus Professor of Economics, Dublin City University, Ireland

Dana Flett, Graduate Student, Ecology, Colorado State University, United States

Carly Rose, PhD researcher, UWE, United Kingdom

Michael Cronin, Professor Translation Studies, Dublin City University , Ireland

Dan Hooley, PhD Candidate, Philosophy, University of Toronto, Canada

Tania Jiménez, Professor economic, Universidad Tecnológica de Bolívar, Colombia

Stephen Chignell, Graduate Student - Watershed Science, Colorado State University, United States

Matthew Pamental, Lecturer, Philosophy, University of Tennessee, United States

John L. Field, Research Scientist, Colorado State University, United States

Marta Marello, Research associate, Earth and Environment, Boston university, United States

Cameron Holley, Associate Professor, UNSW Australia, Australia

Thomas Dahlgren, Associate Professor, Uni Research , Norway

Naomi Roht-Arriaza, Distinguished Professor of Law, University of California Hastings College of Law, United States

Tamara Greak, Graduate Student Research Assistant, University of North Carolina Wilmington, United States

John R Engel, Professor Emeritus, Meadville Lombard Theological School, United States

Maria Teresa Faria de Bastos, German and English, Coimbra, Portugal

Iñaki Arto, Research Fellow, Basque Centre for Climate Change, Spain

Erika Foster, Ecology PhD Candidate, Colorado State University, United States

Gustaf, Arrhenius, Director, Institute for Futures Studies, Sweden

Isaac Rivera, Research Assistant, University of Colorado, United States

Tyler Beeton, Research Assistant, Anthropology and Ecology, Colorado State University, United States

Neil O'Boyle, Lecturer in Communications, Dublin City University, Ireland

David Gwenzi, Postdoc, Colorado State University, United States

Richard Markey, Research Associate - Applied Isotope Research, Colorado State University, United States

Robert Wilson Thomas, Graduate, Chemical Engineering, Barrister at Law, Bath University, Inns Of Court School of Law, Ireland

Sarah Sorenson , Doctoral student--school psychology, Fordham, United States

Anders Dahlberg, Masters Student of Tourism Management, Colorado State University, United States

Pauline Frances Tapp, Professional Teaching Fellow, Law, University of Auckland, New Zealand

Mariana Pereira Guimaraes, Fox Fellow at Yale Univ., M. in Water Resources, Yale University, United States

Retta Bruegger, Outreach and Research Coordinator, Colorado State University, United States

Leeann Sullivan, PhD Student, Human Dimensions of Natural Resources, Colorado State University, United States

Ana Bastos Carvalho, MD, University of Kentucky, United States

Kim Skyelander, Assoc. Dir., Center for Collaborative Conservation, Colorado State University, United States

Dr David Boyd, Professor, Environmental Law, Simon Fraser University, Canada

Les Field, Chair and Professor of Dept. of Anthropology, University of New Mexico, United States

Les Field, Chai and Professor of Dept. of Anthropology, University of New Mexico, United States

Hallette Smyth, Graduate Student Tourism Management, Colorado State University, United States

Megan Halteman Zwart, Assistant Professor of Philosophy, Saint Mary's College (Notre Dame, IN), United States

Jennifer Foster, Lecturer in Computer Science, Dublin City University, Ireland

Idil Boran, Associate Professor, York University, Canada

Isabella Oleksy, Graduate Research Fellow, Colorado State University , United States

Laurel Lynch, PhD candidate Ecology, Colorado State University, United States

Saleh Dadjouy, Graduate Student - Conservation Leadership, Colorado Satate University, United States

Amanda West, Postdoctoral Research Scientist, Ecology, Colorado State University, United States

Jesse Greener, Professor, Chemistry, Université Laval, Canada

Sarah Bodbyl, senior research associate, Michigan State University, United States

David Heap, Associate Professor, French Studies & Linguistics , University of Western Ontario, Canada

Steven Filippelli, Graduate Student in Ecology, Colorado State University, United States

Jean Maley, African palaeoenvironment, Montpellier University, France

Dave Huth, Associate Professor of Visual Communication, Houghton College, United States

Emma Vakili, Graduate research assistant, Forest Science, Colorado State University, United States

Gregorio Mesa, Professor Environmental Law, Faculty of Law, National University of Colombia, Colombia

Christine Jacobs, Instructor, Information science, John Abbott College, Canada

Alicia Finch, Associate Professor, Philosophy, Northern Illinois University, United States

Carmen G. Gonzalez, Professor of Law, Seattle University, United States

Daniel Scott, Graduate Research Assistant, Geosciences, Colorado State University, United States

Matthew C. Halteman, Associate Professor of Philosophy, Calvin College, Grand Rapids, Michigan, United States

Jane Kelsey, Professor of Law, University of Auckland, New Zealand

Carrie Frickman, Graduate Student, Conservation Leadership, Colorado State University, United States

Keith Paustian, Professor of Soil Ecology, Colorado State University, United States

Enda Buckley, Sustainable Development Tutor, Dublin City University , Ireland

Sanjeeb Kakoty, Associate Professor, Indian Institute of Management Shillong, India

Pierre Vercauteren, Professor in Political Science, Université Catholique de Louvain, Belgium

Laura Westra, Professor of Law, University of Windsor, Canada

Karen Devine, Lecturer, International Relations & Politics, Dublin City University, Ireland

Sylie Paquerot, Associate Professor, Political Science, Uniersité ok Ottawa, Canada

Lina Díaz-Castro, PhD student Sciences in Health System, National Institute of Public Health, Mexico

Michael Glover, Assistant researcher, CILT, University of Cape Town, South Africa

Judith L Hannah, Professor of Geosciences, Colorado State University and University of Oslo, United States

Simon Allen, Lecturer in Sustainability, School of GeoSciences, University of Edinburgh, United Kingdom

Amy Man, PhD Student, Bristol Law School, UWE, United Kingdom

Dr. Catherine Maingot, Postdoctoral Researcher in Immunology, Dublin City University, Ireland

Kate Grosser, Lecturer, Management, La Trobe University, Australia

Nicholas James, Lecturer, Geography, Open University, United Kingdom

Graeme Shannon, Lecturer in Zoology, University of Bangor, United Kingdom

Prof Diana Jeater, Senior Tutor, History, Goldsmiths College, University of London, United Kingdom

Lys Kulamadayil, PhD Student, International Law, Graduate Institute for International and Development Studies, Germany

Marc HUFTY, Professor, Political science, Graduate Institute, Geneva, Switzerland

Dirk-Jan van de Ven, Junior Researcher in Environmental Economics, Basque Centre for Climate Change, Spain

Jennifer Soong, Post doctoral researcher in Ecology, University of Antwerp, Belgium

Jocelyn Lavallee, Postdoctoral Research Associate, Soil Ecology, University of Manchester, United Kingdom

David Moreno Mateos, Ikerbasque Research Fellow, Basque Centre fro Climate Change, Spain

Melanie Austen, Professor, Head of Sea and Society, Plymouth Marine Laboratory, United Kingdom

Jennifer Manton, Postdoctoral Fellow- Chemistry, Dublin City University, Ireland

Eleanor Milne, Honorary Fellow, The University of Leicester, United Kingdom

Stroma Cole, Senior Lecturer, UWE, United Kingdom

Sumudu Atapattu, Director, Research Centers, Law, University of Wisconsin Law School, United States

Agnieszka Mlicka, PhD student, University of the Arts London, Denmark

Svetlana Cicmil, Director of doctoral research in business and law, UWE, Bristol, United Kingdom

Christian Dadomo, Senior lecturer, UWE, United Kingdom

Amaia Albizua, PhD student, Basque centre for climate change, Spain

Niamh McGuirk, Lecturer in Ethical and Intercultural Education , SPD/DCU, Ireland

Charlotte Holland, Lecturer in Education for Sustainability, Dublin City University, Ireland

Eoin O'Mahony, Geography, DCU, Ireland

Suléne Pilon , Lecturer, Linguistics, University of Pretoria , South Africa

Dr. Roderic O'Gorman, Lecturer in Law, Dublin City University, Ireland

Evadne Grant, Associate Head of Department, Law, University of the West of England, United Kingdom

Maria Victoria Román, PhD. student, Basque Centre for Climate Change, Spain

Alan Kennedy, Lecturer in Mechanical Engineering, Dublin City University, Ireland

John Costello, Professor of Physics , Dublin City University, Ireland

Silja Klepp, Senior Researcher, social anthropologist, University of Bremen, Germany

Carla King, Lecture in History, Dublin City University, Ireland

Richard Ashley, Emeritus Professor of Urban Water, University of Sheffield, United Kingdom

Laura Coffey, Lecturer in Psychology, Maynooth University, Ireland

Dr Sam Adelman, Associate professor, University of Warwick , United Kingdom

Theo Beckers, Em. professor Sustainable Development, Tuilburg University, Netherlands

Sharon O'Brien, Senior Lecturer in Translation Studies, Dublin City University, Ireland

Linda Hughes, Post Doc Molecular Biology, DCU, Ireland

David Coady, Senior Lecturer, Philosophy, University of Tasmania, Australia

Pat Brereton, Head of Communications, Dublin City University, Ireland

Janet Dine, Professor of International Economic Development , Centre for Commercial Legal Studies. Queen Mary, , United Kingdom

Patrick Bishop, Senior Lecturer in Law, Swansea University, United Kingdom

Alwyn Roux, PhD Theory of Literature, University of South Africa, South Africa

David V Williams, Professor of Law, University of Auckland, New Zealand

Karen Morrow, Professor, Law, Swansea University, United Kingdom

Sophie Stammers, Graduate Teaching Assistant and PhD student, King's College London, United Kingdom

Jonathan Verschuuren, Professor of International & EU Environmental Law, Tilburg University/Tilburg Sustainability Center, Netherlands

Francesca De Lorenzi, Senior researcher - agronomy, Italian National Research Council, Italy

Ashley Dodsworth, Politics and Sociology , University of Bristol, United Kingdom

Dr John Pearson, Lecturer in Law, University of Manchester, United Kingdom

Beverly Singer, Associate Professor - Anthropology & Native American Studies, University of New Mexico, United States

Olivia Lefenya, Senior Lecturer: Public Law, North West University, South Africa

Anna Grear, Professor of Law and Theory; Director of the GNHRE, Cardiff University, United Kingdom

Dr Engobo Emeseh, Senior Lecturer in Law, Aberystwyth University, United Kingdom

Dr Tom Kerns, Emeritus Professor of Philosophy, North Seattle College, United States

Luis Moreno, Professor of Political Science, Spanish National Research Council (CSIC), Spain

Fabrzio Ungaro, Researcher Soil Science, National Research Council of Italy, Italy

Louis Kotze, Professor of Environmental Law, North-West University, South Africa

Gregory Rogers, D. Phil student, Oxford, United Kingdom

Lars Gamfeldt, Ass. Prof. Biodiversity research, University of Gothenburg, Sweden

Hugh Breakey, Research Fellow, Political Philosophy, Griffith University, Australia

Hrvoje Petrić, Associate Professor, History, University of Zagreb, Croatia

Björn Källström, PhD Marine Biology, University of Gothenburg, Sweden

Klaus Bosselmann, Professor of Environmental Law, University of Auckland, New Zealand

Michael Hoexter, Research Scholar, Climate Policy, Binzagr Institute for Sustainable Prosperity, United States

Eric Schechter, Professor Emeritus, Department of Mathematics, Vanderbilt University, United States

Dr Jennifer Gidley, President, World Futures Studies Federation, Australia

Paul Beckwith, Part-time professor, PhD student, University of Ottawa, Canada

Daniel PRICE, Researcher Sea Ice Remote Sensing, Gateway Antarctica, University of Canterbury, United Kingdom

James M Dow, Assistant Professor of Philosophy, Hendrix College, United States

Sue Wilkinson, Honorary Professor, Department of Sociology, University of York, United Kingdom

Mary Guzzy, Associate Professor Humanities, Corning Community College , United States

Mark Y. A. Davies, Wimberly Professor of Social and Ecological Ethics, Oklahoma City University/World House Institute, United States

Lisa Forsberg, PhD candidate, Ethics and Law, King's College London, United Kingdom

Josh Pallas, Research Assistant, International Relations, University of Wollongong, Australia

William Sharfman, Former professor, Columbia, Idaho State, United States

Isra Black, PhD candidate in Law and Ethics, King's College London, United Kingdom

Anthony Skelton, Professor of Philosophy, University of Western Ontario, Canada

Marcus Nordlund , Reader in English Literature , University of Gothenburg , Sweden

Joxerramon Bengoetxea, Prof Jurisprudence, Universityty of the Basque Country, Spain

Joshua Cooper, Lecturer, Political Science Human Rights , University of Hawai'i , United States

Andreas Malm, Associate Senior Lecture, Human Ecology, Lund University, Sweden

István Poór, Teacher of Economics, UWC Red Cross Nordic, Norway

Igor Filibi, Researcher of International Relations, University of the Basque Country, Spain

Jane Cooper, Fixed term lecturer, Philosophy, University of Canterbury, New Zealand

Søren Engelsen, PhD in philosophy, University of Southern Denmark, Denmark

Daniele Conversi, Research Professor, IKERBASQUE Foundation for Science and University of the Basque Country UPV/EHU, Spain

Piers Locke, Senior Lecturer in Anthropology, University of Canterbury, New Zealand

Ros Wade, Professor Education for Sustainability, London South Bank University, United Kingdom

Philip Stack, PhD candidate, University of Edinburgh, United Kingdom

Sue P. Stafford, Professor Emeritus, Simmons College, United States

Blair Duncan, Adjunct Professor, Neuroscience, Western Washington University, United States

Kristin Mercer, Associate Professor, Horticulture and Crop Science, Ohio State University, United States

Euan McTurk, DPhil Candidate, Materials Science, University of Oxford, United Kingdom

Joel Wainwright, Associate Professor, Ohio State University, United States

Juan Pablo Bernal, Reseracher/Paleoclimate, UNAM/Centro de Geociencias, Mexico

Jenny Offill, Lecturer, creative writing, Queens University, United States

Ashley Smith, PhD Candidate in Geosciences, University of Edinburgh, United Kingdom

Amelia Bain, Ph.D. Student, Geosciences, The University of Edinburgh, United Kingdom

Heather Davis, Postdoctoral Fellow, IAH, Pennsylvania State University, United States

Nathan Bower-Bir, PhD Student, Atmospheric & Environmental Sciences, University of Edinburgh, United Kingdom

Frederic Dick, Professor, Cognitive Neuroscience, Birkbeck/UCL Centre for NeuroImaging, United States

James Paterson, Research Associate, University of Edinburgh, United Kingdom

Elizabeth Adams, Research Associate, UNC Chapel Hill Institute for the Environment, United States

Norma Schemschat, Graduate Student, Political Science, University of Hamburg, Germany

Michael Paul Nelson, Professor of Environmental Ethics and Philosophy, Oregon State University, United States

Hin-Yan Liu, Associate Professor of International Law, University of Copenhagen, Denmark

David R Fewings, Associate Prof of Finance, Western Washington Universite, United States

Klemeti Näkkäläjärvi, PhD, Cultural Anthropology, researcher, Oulu University/CERH, Finland

Thomas Hammond, Secretary - Scientific & Technical Advisory Panel, UNEP/GEF, United States

Luis I Pradanos, Assistant Professor, Miami University, United States

Paul Baer, Ecological Economist, EcoEquity, United States

Roxanne Kamayani Gupta, Ph.D., Visiting Scholar South Asia Program, Cornell University, United States

Sabine Pahl, Reader in Psychology, Plymouth University, United Kingdom

James Byrne, Professor, Climate Researcher, University of Lethbridge, Canada

Sandra Steingraber, PhD, Distinguished Scholar in Residence, biology, Ithaca College, United States

Marco Fonseca, Instructor, International Studies, Glendon College, York University, Canada

Susan Strasser, Richards Professor of American History, Emerita, University of Delaware, United States

María Jesús Muñoz-Torres, Fullero Professor, University Jaume I, Spain

David Crookall, Assoc Prof & Editor: Simulation, Environment, University of Nice Sophia Antipolis, France

Yoshihiro Fujii, Visiting Professor, Sophia University, Japan

Barry McMullin, Executive Dean, Engineering and Computing, Dublin City University, Ireland

Antonio Federico, President of the Scientific committee, Sustainable Development Foundation, Italy

Tim Rayner, Senior Research Associate , Tyndall Centre for Climate Change Research, United Kingdom

Victor Gostin, Associate Professor (retired), University of Adelaide, Australia

C. Glenn Cupit, Senior Lecturer in Child development, Flinders University, Australia

Eric Gowans, Professor/Surgery, University of Adelaide, Australia

Teti Argo, Senior Lecturer, Regional and City Planning , Bandung Institute of Technology, Indonesia

Helen McKernan, Senior Research Fellow, Institute for Social Research, Swinburne University of Technology, Australia

Oliver C. Ruppel, Professor of Law, Stellenbosch University, South Africa

Jackie McGloughlin, Researcher - Geography, National University of Ireland Maynooth, Ireland

Dr W.G. Elford, Retired astronomer, University of Adelaide, Australia

Kaye Roberts-Thomson, Adjunct Professor, University of Adelaide, Australia

Miguel Patiño-Posse, Doctor en Derecho Ambiental Profesor , FUNDACION UNIVERSIDAD DE BOGOTA JORGE TADEOLOZANO , Colombia

Anna-Maria Hubert, Professor, Faculty of Law, University of Calgary, Canada

Ian Roberts-Thomson, Emeritus Professor, Health Sciences, University of Adelaide, Australia

Binota Moy Dhamai, Masters Student, The Australian National University, Australia

Joanna Mroczkowska-Jasinska, Scientist; energy storage, University of Kentucky, United States

Tony Eggleton, Emeritus Professor, Australian National University, Australia

Sergio A. Molina-Murillo, Associate professor, Socioeconomics-forestry, National University of Costa Rica (UNA), Costa Rica

Oseghale Etemini Sunday, lecturer II, Ambrose Alli University Ekpoma Nigeria, Nigeria

Dr Joanna House, Lecturer, climate change science and policy, Bristol University, United Kingdom

Dr. Carola Betzold, Postdoctoral Research Fellow, University of Antwerp, Belgium

Miznaur Rahman Bijoy, Coordinator, Network on Climate Change, Bangladesh (NCC,B), Bangladesh

Nicholas Day, Emeritus professor, Epidemiology, Cambridge University, United Kingdom

Fiona Nunan, Head, International Development Department, University of Birmingham, United Kingdom

Makarius Mdemu, Senior Lecturer, Ardhi University, Tanzania, United Republic of

Jacek B. Jasinski, Theme Leader at Conn Center, Materials Science, University of Louisville, United States

Mehmet Ali Uzelgun, Post-doc, Psychology, Lisbon University Institute, Portugal

Colin Cargill, Research Consultant (Animal Production, Health, Welfare) , South Australian Research and Development institute, Australia

David McKirdy, Visiting Research Fellow, Earth Sciences, University of Adelaide, Australia

Eicke R Weber, Prof. of Physics, Solar Energy, University of Freiburg, Germany

Dr. A M Ramesh, Scientific Officer - III, Karnataka Science & Technology Academy, India

Dr. Amel Makhlouf, International Expert, Sustainable development, Université Libre de Tunisie, Regions 20, Tunisia

Claude-Michel Nzotungicimpaye, PhD Student, Simon Fraser University, Canada

Tais Ludwig, JD & research assistant, Sustainable Development, American University Washington College of Law, United States

Maria Cecilia Trannin, Adjunct Professor, Universidade do Estado do Rio de Janeiro and ESTAC, Brazil

Howard Larsen, Adjunct Professor, Climate, Victoria University of Wellington, New Zealand

Javier Anibal Leon Guevara, Profesional en cambio climatico, PNUD, Colombia

Mark Griffin Smith, Professor of Economics, Colorado College, United States

Josef BAUM, Economist and geographer, University of Vienna, Austria

Anabela Carvalho, Associate Professor, Communication Sciences, University of Minho/Institute of Social Sciences, Portugal

Knut H. Alfsen, Senior Researcher, CICERO, Norway

Frederick W. Stoss, MS (zool), MLS, Associate Librarian (Biology, Ecology, Geology, Ma, SUNY University at Buffalo, United States

SUJAY BASU, Director (retd), School of Energy Studies, Jadavpur University, Calcutta, , India

Chiara Perucca, Academic Coordinator, Universidad San Ignacio de Loyola, Paraguay

James C Pushnik, Executive Director Institute for Sustainable Development, California State University Chico, United States

David Ellison, Forest Researcher, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences (SLU), Mexico

Mary Schorse, Adjunct Professor, Geography, University of Delaware, United States

John Wiseman, Melbourne Sustainable Society Institute, University of Melbourne, Australia

Romain Weikmans, Postdoctoral Research Fellow, Climate and Development Lab, Brown University, United States

Thomas Hilde, Research Professor, University of Maryland School of Public Policy, United States

Tuula Helne, PhD in social policy, Senior Researcher, The Social Insurance Institution, Finland

Príscila T. de Carvalho, Pós-doutora (PNPD-CAPES) em Filosofia, UFRJ, Brazil

Semra Cerit, Associate Professor, Marmara University, Turkey

Dr Laura Horn, Senior Lecturer School of Law, Western Sydney University, Australia

Anna Heikkinen, Post doctoral researcher, management studies, University of Tampere, Finland

Laura Cousens, Associate Professor, Brock University , Canada

Jean Bartunek, Professor of Management and Organization, Boston College, United States

Henri-Claude de BETTIGNIES, Emeritus Professor, INSEAD, France

Mae Kilker, PhD Student, University of Notre Dame, United States

Gion Andrea Barandun, Composite group lead, IWK, University of Applied Sciences Rapperswil, Switzerland

Brian McCullough, Assistant Professor, Sport Management, Seattle University, United States

Greg Baxter, Professor, physics, Victoria University, Australia

Melissa Williams, Professor of Political Science, University of Toronto, Canada

Cheryl Mallen, Associate Professor , Brock University , Canada

Xiao Xiao, Assistant Professor, Copenhagen Business School, Denmark

Dr. Swati Nagpal, Management and Marketing, La Trobe University, Australia

Bärbel Bohr, Lecturer in Communications, Hochschule für Technik, Switzerland

Carl Dalhammar, Associate professor, Lund University, Sweden

Thomas Dyllick, Professor, Sustainability Management, University of St.Gallen, Germany

Dr. Greg Dingle, Lecturer, Sport Management, La Trobe University, Australia

Vidyasagar Potdar, Senior Research Fellow, Curtin University, Australia

Wendee Kubik, Associate Professor, Women's and Gender Studies, Brock University , Canada

Michelle Avery, Reseacher, School of Psychology, Deakin University, Australia

Miles Thompson, Senior Lecturer in Psychology, University of the West of England, United Kingdom

Margarita Carretero Gonzalez, Professor of English Literature, University of Granada, Spain

Diana Villanueva Romero, Associate Professor, University of Extremadura, Spain

Dr. Amber Fletcher, Assistant Professor, University of Regina, Canada

Valentino Marini Govigli, PhD Student, University of Ioannina, Greece

Andreas Plach, PhD candidate, University of Bergen, Norway

Xuhong Li, Professor of Management, Fudan University, China

Kelly Dombroski, Lecturer in Human Geography, University of Canterbury, New Zealand

Kendall Tarte, Associate Professor of French, Wake Forest University, United States

Kavyanjali shukla, Ph.D., University of Lucknow, India

Rianne Mahon, Professor Political Science, Balsillie School Wilfrid Laurier University, Canada

Margot Lauwers, PhD, Lecturer in American socio-literature, University of Perpignan Via Domitia, France

François Gavillon, Associate Professor, Université de Brest, France

Mark Roche, Professor of German , University of Notre Dame, United States

Elizabeth DeLoughrey, Associate Prof, English, UCLA, United States

Stephen Sterling, Professor of Sustainability Education, Plymouth University, United Kingdom

Anna Lockley-Scott, PhD student, University of Warwick, United Kingdom

Alba Mazza, PhD student, The University of Sydney, Australia

David Zhu, Associate Professor in Management, Arizona State University, United States

Barbara Cruikshank, Associate Professor Political Science, University of Massachusetts, United States

Joan Landeros, Director, Center for International Education, La Salle, Universidad La Salle, Mexico

Benoît Frund, Vice-rector for sustainability and campus, University of Lausanne, Switzerland

Elisa Gomes da Torre, Assistant Professor, Medieval Literature, University of Trás-os-Montes e Alto Douro, Portugal

Mila Simoes de Abreu, Prof Aux, UTAD/ unidade de Arqueologia, Portugal

Wendy Harding , Professor , Université de Toulouse Jean Jaurès, France

José Eduardo Reis, Comparative Literature, Associate Professor, Universidade Trás-os-Montes e Alto Douro, Portugal

Ana Isabel Queiroz, Research fellow, FCSH, Universidade Nova de Lisboa, Portugal

Reinhard Hennig, Postdoc, Environmental Humanities, Mid Sweden University, Sweden

Bénédicte Meillon, Associate Professor of English, University of Perpignan, France

Sabine Höhler, Associate Professor Science and Technology Studies, KTH Royal Institute of Technology Stockholm, Sweden

John Fasullo, Project Scientist, NCAR, United States

Christopher M. Conway, Assistant Professor, Information Systems, IÉSEG School of Management, United States

Adam Netzén, Doctoral candidate, History of Science, KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden

Susanne Zwingel, Associate Professor of International Relations, Florida International University, United States

Claire Brault, Visiting Assistant Professor, ecosophy, Florida International University, United States

Steven S Taylor, Associate Professor, Business, Worcester Polytechnic Institute, United States

Irene Hawkins, Adjunct Professor, Environmental Studies, Gettysburg College, United States

Jakob Zscheischler, Institute for Atmospheric and Climate Science, ETH Zurich, Switzerland

Dr. Mark Reno, Executive In Residence - Leadership, Ivey Business School, Western University, Canada

Serenella Iovino, Professor of Comparative Literature, University of Turin, Italy

Isabel Maria Fernandes Alves, Assistant professor, North American Studies, University of Trás-os-montes and Alto Douro, Portugal

Mohammed Jahed, Lecturer, Curtin University, Australia

Pofessor Peter John Opio , Vice Chancellor and Professor of Strategy , KIM University, Rwanda

Mohammed Jahed, Lecturer, Curtin University, Australia

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